By Clark Whitney
Watch a football game, any game, and you will see fouls that are not given. In every league, there are unwritten rules: it generally is accepted that even the slightest touch of a goalkeeper results in a free-kick to the defending team. But not just any touch to an attacking player in the penalty box results in a spot-kick: it always requires a little more of an infraction to make such a game-changing call.
But on Tuesday night, referee Bjorn Kuipers deviated from the code by which footballers play every week as he awarded a highly controversial penalty to Barcelona in their Champions League semi-finals second-leg clash with Milan.
The infraction? Shirt-pulling on the part of Alessandro Nesta upon Sergio Busquets as a corner-kick was delivered.
The contact was nowhere near the ball, and it can be safely assumed that Busquets never had a chance of impacting the play. And at the same time, Carles Puyol stepped in front of Nesta, creating contact that easily could have resulted in a foul against the Barcelona man.
But whether Puyol was guilty of an infraction and whether Busquets had a chance to reach the ball in the first place are both irrelevant. Associated with this decision are some undeniable truths that football viewers across the world can agree upon.
Firstly, shirt-pulling inside the penalty box happens with nearly every corner kick in every game. And in all of Europe’s leagues, it is penalised perhaps a handful of times in a given season.
Secondly, holding an opponent is, according to the rules of the game, a foul. In any area outside the penalty box, there would be little denial that an infraction like that of Nesta’s upon Busquets would be worthy of a free-kick. But the Laws of the Game state that penalty can only be awarded if the ball is in play at the time of the infraction. In the incident of Nesta’s grabbing of Busquets, the corner had not yet been struck.
But finally, and most importantly, football fans around the world – regardless of team affiliation – can and must agree that equal application of the rules of the game must be enforced. Let’s assume that Kuipers made the understandable mistake of assuming that Nesta’s foul had been committed a split-second later, when the ball was in the air. It is true that shirt-pulling is, according to the letter of the law, an offense punishable with a foul. But just as in civil law, the rules of football are guidelines that are only given meaning by the results of previous decisions. Based on the precedent of thousands upon thousands of corner-kicks delivered this campaign in which shirt-pulling took place but no penalty was given, Milan and their fans can feel victimised. The unfortunate truth in football is that referees are forced to make a verdict in an instant. And in football, there are no appeals over such calls.